A rare form of Guillain-Barre syndrome: pharyngeal-cervical-brachial variant


Herguener M. O. , Tepe T., ALTUNBAŞAK Ş. , Baytok V.

TURKISH JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS, cilt.50, ss.91-93, 2008 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 50 Konu: 1
  • Basım Tarihi: 2008
  • Dergi Adı: TURKISH JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS
  • Sayfa Sayısı: ss.91-93

Özet

Guillain-Barre syndrome is clinically characterized by acute onset of generalized, symmetrical, and ascending muscle weakness and areflexia from peripheral nerve involvement. In Guillain-Barre syndrome variants, however, some patients have unusual distribution of muscle involvement. Pharyngeal-cervical-brachial variant of Guillain-Barre syndrome is characterized by oropharyngeal, neck, and upper limb muscle involvement. Although Guillain-Barre syndrome is one of several post-infectious diseases that cause limb muscle weakness, the incidence of pharyngeal-cervical-brachial variant is relatively low. Here we report the case of a 16-month-old boy who developed a rare form of Guillain-Barre syndrome, the pharyngeal-cervical-brachial variant of the disease. We concluded that taking all the other etiologic reasons into consideration, pharyngeal-cervical-brachial variant of Guillain-Barre syndrome should be remembered in patients with symptoms of bulbar and upper extremity weakness not only for early diagnosis but also to plan the treatment early and follow up the potential complications.