In the present study, the weight, height, bone age and growth indices of 24 children with homozygote sickle cell anemia were measured and the relationship of these parameters to thyroid function was evaluated and compared with 14 healthy controls in the same age group, The patients consisted of two groups with either mild (n = 12) or severe (n = 12) clinical courses. There was no difference between both patient groups or with the control group with respect to weight (P>0.05). However, the difference between the mean height percentiles of the homozygote-severe group and the control group was found to be statistically significant (P < 0.05). The bone age remained 41.6% behind normal for age in all homozygote sickle cell anemia patients. The serum T3 and T4 levels of all patients showed no significant differences from those of ?he control group (P > 0.05). These results show that patients with severe clinical courses may have short stature but their thyroid hormones are within normal limits during the first decade of life.