Active control of flow around a square prism by slot jet injection

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Firat E., Akansu Y. E. , Hacialiogullari M.

7th International Conference on Experimental Fluid Mechanics (EFM), Hradec-Kralove, Çek Cumhuriyeti, 20 - 23 Kasım 2012, cilt.45 identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 45
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1051/epjconf/20134501029
  • Basıldığı Şehir: Hradec-Kralove
  • Basıldığı Ülke: Çek Cumhuriyeti


The main aim of the experimental study is to determine both the most effective injection surface and rate in order to ensure minimum drag and fluctuating forces on a square prism subjected to crossflow. All predetermined jet injection surfaces i.e. front, side, and rear, tested separately for injection ratios of IR = 0, 1, 1.5, 2 at Reynolds number of Re = 16,000. Surface pressures were measured by differential pressure transducer whereas instantaneous velocity measurements were performed by using multichannel Constant Temperature Anemometer (CTA). It was concluded that jet injection, especially from the rear surface, brought noticeable improvements to the flow characteristics of a square prism. For rear jet configuration with IR = 1.5, the mean drag coefficient ((C-DT) over bar) was reduced to 79.4% and C-P RMS level on side surfaces was reduced to 20% of that of the single square prism. In addition, instantaneous flow visualization photographs and Strouhal number (St) distribution across the injection ratio were also presented to identify the flow patterns and underlying mechanism of drag and fluctuating force reduction of square prism with rear jet configuration.