Production of Alpha-Alumina from Black Aluminum Dross Using NaOH Leaching Followed by Calcination

Türk M. , Altıner M. , Top S. , Karaca S. , Bouchekrit C.

Jom, cilt.1, ss.1-7, 2020 (SCI Expanded İndekslerine Giren Dergi)

  • Cilt numarası: 1 Konu: 1
  • Basım Tarihi: 2020
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1007/s11837-020-04281-7
  • Dergi Adı: Jom
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.1-7


The aim of this work is to produce a-alumina particles from aluminum (Al) dross via leaching–precipitation–calcination processes. In the leaching test, the effects of parameters such as the temperature, NaOH concentration, and time were investigated based on the Taguchi approach. In addition, the effect of the particle size on the Al extraction rate was determined. The Al extraction rate ranged from 78.64% to 93.11% and from 78.35% to 91.99% for ground dross and as-received dross, respectively. In the precipitation test, the pH of the leachate solution was decreased using HCl to remove Al ions as Al hydroxide precipitate. The precipitate was calcined at 1000C to 1200C for 270 min. The morphological and polymorphic properties of the products were characterized by scanning electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy, and x-ray diffraction analysis. The experimental findings indicated that the calcination temperature and stabilization time were critical for producing aalumina particles rather than other polymorphs.