ANTHROPOGENIC POLLUTION: ACID MINING DRAINAGE


Yapıcı N.

EGE 8th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON APPLIED SCIENCES, İzmir, Turkey, 2 - 04 June 2023, pp.55-65

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • City: İzmir
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.55-65
  • Çukurova University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Acid mine drainage (AMD) or acid rock drainage (ARD) is considered as one of the main pollutants of water in many countries that have historic or current mining activities. Its generation, release, mobility, and attenuation involves complex processes governed by a combination of physical, chemical, and biological factors.

 

Acid mine drainage (AMD) causes environmental pollution that affects many countries having historic or current mining industries. Mining activities are generally large-scale investments with high initial risk. Determining the negative effects that may cause on the environment in these activities, which have great anthropogenic pollution; producing solutions against possible problems that may arise; It is desired to reach the result quickly due to economic and economic reasons. At this stage, it is very important to determine the Acid Mine Drainage (AMD) formation, which may occur due to the ore formation mechanism and as a result of mining activities, and to determine the precautions to be taken. Acid mine drainage can be treated with different technologies. The methods used to treat AMD can be classified as active or passive systems based on their requirements for chemical addition, infrastructure, maintenance and monitoring.