E-health literacy of nursing students and investigation of factors affecting e-health literacy during COVID-19 pandemic process: A cross-sectional study

ÇETİNKAYA Ş., Aşkan F., Gunes N. E. O., Todil T., YÜRÜK E.

MEDICINE, vol.101, no.35, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 101 Issue: 35
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1097/md.0000000000030148
  • Journal Name: MEDICINE
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Keywords: COVID-19, health literacy, nursing, nursing students, EHEALTH LITERACY, SKILLS
  • Çukurova University Affiliated: Yes


The lack of knowledge on health literacy affects all segments of society, particularly health workers. The objectives were to identify nursing students' means of accessing information during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic, their level of health literacy, and the factors that affect it. This cross-sectional study was conducted in Turkey among 398 nursing students of cukurova University and Van Yuzuncu Yil University between June 1 and June 30, 2020. As a data collection tool, E-Health Literacy Scale was used, with students' characteristics and personal information form related to Internet use. These forms were converted to the online format. The survey link was sent to the students' smartphones and/or e-mails to ask them to participate. Majority of participants were Van Yuzuncu Yil University nursing students (63.8%). E-SYO score average of all students was found to be 29.42 +/- 4.39 (min = 14, max = 40); it was is found be at a good level. They used the Internet as the first source of information about coronavirus disease 2019 (65.1%).Among the participants, 65.8% stated that it was important to access the health resource on the Internet and 19.1% of the participants thought that it was very important. It was found that Internet use was being used for >3 times a day (72.9%). The age, class, gender, family type, income level, high school from which they graduated from, and their working status significantly were statistically affecting their health literacy (P < .05). The health literacy scale scores were significant and higher than those who did not know the concept of health literacy, and those who perceived Internet skills well and very well than those who perceived them poorly (P < .05). Nursing students were found to have good average health literacy averages. Improving the health literacy is important for making individuals healthier.