Introduction: The aim of this study was to determine the bond strength of rebonded mechanically retentive ceramic brackets after treatment with 2 abrasive techniques. Methods: In addition to a group of new brackets, 3 groups were treated according to the following conditions of debonded ceramic bracket bases: sandblasting, sandblasting + silane, and silica coating + silane (15 in each group). Treated ceramic brackets were rebonded on premolars. The samples were stored in distilled deionized water for 24 hours at 37 C in an incubator and then thermocycled for 1000 times between 5 C and 55 C. Shear force was applied to the enamel- adhesive interface until debonding. Results: The highest bond strength values were in the silica coating + silane and the new bracket groups (12.7 and 12.0 MPa, respectively), followed by the sandblasting + silane group (10.5 MPa). The sandblasting group had a significantly lower bond strength value (4.5 MPa). No enamel fracture was noted in any sample tested. In the new bracket and the sandblasting + silane groups, 20% of the samples had adhesive remnant index scores of 2, and 80% had scores of 3. In the sandblasting group, all specimens debonded at the bracket-adhesive interface. The silica coating + silane group showed mixed failures. Conclusions: Sandblasting + silane and silica coating + silane applications on debonded ceramic bracket base can produce bond strengths comparable with new brackets.