Every year, many students choose to have education in civil engineering. Choosing their profession conciously is very important for their future success. However the quality of education is another factor that affects qualifications of individuals. Acquiring general and vocational competencies during the university education are the foundation of business life. The purpose of this study is; to present the criterions that affect the university/department choices of students and their vocational and general competencies. For this purpose; a survey was applied to 4th grade civil engineering department students of Cukurova, Erciyes and Gazi universities. The results show that students' university preferences are affected by quality of the university. Meanwhile, their department preferences are affected by their interest in the profession. Students consider themselves to be good at 'their relationships with others and feel competent in; concrete structures, construction management, hydraulic structures. However, they do not feel qualified in coastal engineering. Current research, being one of the earliest in Turkey, makes its results valuable for future researchers.