Effects of high-frequency electromagnetic fields on human EEG: A brain mapping study


Kramarenko A., Tan U.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF NEUROSCIENCE, cilt.113, ss.1007-1022, 2003 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 113 Konu: 7
  • Basım Tarihi: 2003
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1080/00207450390220330
  • Dergi Adı: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF NEUROSCIENCE
  • Sayfa Sayısı: ss.1007-1022

Özet

Cell phones emitting pulsed high-frequency electromagnetic fields (EMF) may affect the human brain, but there are inconsistent results concerning their effects on electroencephalogram (EEG). We used a 16-channel telemetric electroencephalograph (ExpertTM(R)), to record EEG changes during exposure of human skull to EMF emitted by a mobile phone. Spatial distribution of EMF was especially concentrated around the ipsilateral eye adjacent to the basal surface of the brain. Traditional EEG was full of noises during operation of a cellular phone. Using a telemetric electroencephalograph (EspertTM(R)) in awake subjects, all the noise was eliminated, and EEG showed interesting changes: after a period of 10-15 s there was no visible change, the spectrum median frequency increased in areas close to antenna; after 20-40 s, a slow-wave activity (2.5-6.0 Hz) appeared in the contralateral frontal and temporal areas. These slow waves lasting for about one second repeated every 15-20 s at the same recording electrodes. After turning off the mobile phone, slow-wave activity progressively disappeared; local changes such as increased median frequency decreased and disappeared after 15-20 min. We observed similar changes in children, but the slow-waves with higher amplitude appeared earlier in children (10-20 s) than adults, and their frequency was lower (1.0-2.5 Hz) with longer duration and shorter intervals. The results suggested that cellular phones may reversibly influence the human brain, inducing abnormal slow waves in EEG of awake persons.