Sociodemographic and Clinical Characteristics of inpatients with Schizophrenia in Psychiatry Clinics

Kocal Y., KARATAŞ KARAKUŞ G., Tamam L.

KLINIK PSIKIYATRI DERGISI-TURKISH JOURNAL OF CLINICAL PSYCHIATRY, vol.20, no.2, pp.104-113, 2017 (ESCI) identifier identifier


Objective: The aim of study as to determine the clinical and sociodemographic characteristics of the inpatients with the diagnosis of schizophrenia between the years 2010-2014. Patients were grouped according to the gender and age of onset and these groups were compared. Method: 208 patients who had been diagnosed with schizophrenia according to DSM IV TR between the years 2010-2014. Sociodemographic and clinical data form, Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms(SAPS) and Scale for the Assessment of Negative Symptoms(SANS), Hamilton Depression Rating Scale and Insight Assessment Scale were filled by scanning previous patient files. Results: 107(51,4%) of the patients included in this study were male. Mean age of onset of schizophrenia was 23,82 +/- 9,78. There was no significant difference between men and women in terms of age at onset. The rate of patients with one or more delusions was 98,6 % (n:205), the rate of patients with one more halucinations was 59,6 % (n:124). Lifetime smoking, alcohol and substance abuse and legal problem rates were higher in male patients. Lifetime history of suicide and SAPS scores were higher in female patients. Family history of psychiatric disorders was higher in early onset schizophrenia patients(<40 age). Conclusion: The study which determined wider and homogeneous distribution samples in this subject and at same time meeting patients and their families may contribute to identify the clinical features of the disease more detailed.