Plant parasitic nematodes which are animal organisms cause serious economic losses in cultivated plants. The total of 140 soil samples was collected for the detection of plant parasitic nematodes in Adana in 2010. Plant parasitic nematodes were identified with classical methods. 23 plant parasitic nematode species belonging to 12 genus, 8 families in the orders Tylenchida, Aphelenchida, Dorylaimida were detected. Pratylenchus zeae Graham, 1951, P. loosi Loof, 1960, P. delattrei Luc, 1958, Helicotylenchus digonicus Perry, in Perry, Darling and Thorne, 1959, Scutylenchus cylindricaudatus Ivanova, 1968, are new records for the Eastern Mediterranean Region of Turkey. Pratylenchus delattrei is recorded for the first time the nematoda fauna of Turkey. In this study, Aphelenchus avenae, Rotylenchulus macrosomus, Pratylenchus thornei, Merlinius brevidens ve Tylenchulus semipenetrans were determined as the most common species.