Comparison of flow structures in the downstream region of a cylinder and sphere

Ozgoren M., PINAR E. , ŞAHİN B. , AKILLI H.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HEAT AND FLUID FLOW, vol.32, no.6, pp.1138-1146, 2011 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 32 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ijheatfluidflow.2011.08.003
  • Page Numbers: pp.1138-1146


An experimental investigation of flow structures downstream of a circular cylinder and sphere immersed in a free-stream flow is performed for Re = 5000 and 10,000 using qualitative and quantitative flow visualization techniques. The obtained results are presented in terms of time-averaged velocity vectors, patterns of streamlines, vorticity, Reynolds stress correlations and turbulent kinetic energy distributions. Flow data reveal that the size of wake flow region, the location of singular and double points, the peak values of turbulence quantities, such as Reynolds stress correlations, vorticity fluctuations and turbulent kinetic energy vary as a function of models' geometry and Reynolds Numbers. The concentration of small scale vortices is more dominant in the wake of the sphere than that of the cylinder. The maximum value of turbulent kinetic energy (TKE) occurs close to the saddle point for the cylinder case while two maximum values of TKE occur along shear layers for the sphere one because of the 3-D flow behavior. (C) 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.