Flow control downstream of a circular cylinder by a permeable cylinder in deep water


Gozmen B., AKILLI H.

WIND AND STRUCTURES, cilt.19, ss.389-404, 2014 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 19 Konu: 4
  • Basım Tarihi: 2014
  • Doi Numarası: 10.12989/was.2014.19.4.389
  • Dergi Adı: WIND AND STRUCTURES
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.389-404

Özet

The flow characteristics of a circular cylinder surrounded by an outer permeable cylinder were experimentally investigated using Particle Image Velocimetry Technique in deep water flow. In order to consider the effects of diameter and porosity of the outer cylinder on flow structures of the inner cylinder, five different outer cylinder diameters (D=37.5, 52.5, 60, 75 and 90 mm) and eight different porosities (beta=0.4, 0.5, 0.6, 0.65, 0.7, 0.75, 0.8 and 0.85) were selected. During the experiments, the diameter of inner cylinder was kept constant as d=30 mm. The depth-averaged free-stream velocity was adjusted as U=0.156 m/s, which corresponds to the Reynolds number of Re=5000 based on the inner cylinder diameter. It has been concluded that both the outer permeable cylinder diameter and the porosity have important influences on the attenuation of vortex shedding in the wake region. The presence of outer permeable cylinder decreases the magnitude of Reynolds shear stress and turbulent kinetic energy compared to the bare cylinder case. Moreover, the spectral analysis of vortex shedding frequency has revealed that the dominant frequency of vortex shedding downstream of the cylinder arrangement also reduces substantially due to the weakened Karman shear layer instability.