Trickle and sprinkler irrigation of potato (Solanum tuberosum L) in the Middle Anatolian Region in Turkey


Unlu M. , Kanber R., Senyigit U., Onaran H., Diker K.

AGRICULTURAL WATER MANAGEMENT, cilt.79, ss.43-71, 2006 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 79 Konu: 1
  • Basım Tarihi: 2006
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.agwat.2005.02.004
  • Dergi Adı: AGRICULTURAL WATER MANAGEMENT
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.43-71

Özet

The potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) is widely planted in the Middle Anatolian Region, especially in the Nigde-Nevsehir district where 25% of the total potato growing area is located and produces 44% of the total yield. In recent years, the farmers in the Nigde-Nevsehir district have been applying high amounts of nitrogen (N) fertilizers (sometimes more than 900 kg N ha(-1)) and frequent irrigation at high rates in order to get a much higher yield. This situation results in increased irrigation and fertilization costs as well as polluted ground water resources and soil. Thus, it is critical to know the water and nitrogen requirements of the crop, as well a,, how to improve irrigation efficiency. Field experiments were conducted in the Nigde-Nevsehir (arid) region on a Fluvents (Entisols) soil to determine water and nitrogen requirements of potato crops under sprinkler and trickle irrigation methods. Irrigation treatments were based on Class A. pan evaporation and nitrogen levels were formed with different nitrogen concentrations.