Monitoring environmental changes in the Mediterranean coastal landscape: The case of Cukurova, Turkey

ALPHAN H. , Yilmaz K. T.

ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT, cilt.35, ss.607-619, 2005 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 35 Konu: 5
  • Basım Tarihi: 2005
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1007/s00267-004-0222-7
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.607-619


This paper describes a remote sensing approach used to monitor temporal land use/cover (LULC) changes in Cukurova, an extensive coastal plain in the southeast Mediterranean coast of Turkey. The area has varied terrain ranging from low-lying alluvial deposits to rocky hills and mountains characterized by limestone outcrops. The ecological and economic importance of the area can be attributed to the existence of important coastal ecosystems (e.g., wetlands and sand dunes) and a wide range of industries located along the eastern coast. Temporal charges in the coastal landscape between 1984 and 2000 were evaluated using digital interpretation of remotely sensed satellite data, Pairwise comparison methods were used to quantify changes from 1984 to 1993 and 1993 to 2000 using multitemporal Landsat TM and ETM+ images, acquired in 1984, 1993, and 2000, respectively. Total change area was 2448 ha from 1984 to 1993 and increased more than twofold, to 6072 ha from 1993 to 2000. Change trends were determined using the information provided from individual change detection outputs of different periods. The most prominent changes were estimated to have occurred in agriculture, urban, and natural vegetation cover. Agriculture has increasingly grown over marginal areas, whereas urban development occurred at the expense of prime croplands across both time steps.