Frequency-dependent effects of sequenced pulsed magnetic field on experimental diabetic neuropathy

Mert T., Gisi G., Celik A., Baran F., Uremis M. M., GÜNAY İ.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RADIATION BIOLOGY, vol.91, no.10, pp.833-842, 2015 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier


Purpose: Pulsed magnetic field (PMF) as an important non- invasive alternative therapeutic option has been investigated in several pre-clinical and clinical studies. We also hypothesized that sequenced PMF formed with different frequencies can modulate the diabetes-induced neuropathic signs differently.Materials and methods: Therapeutic actions of sequenced PMF including 1, 5, 1, 5 Hz (low (L)-PMF) or 30, 40, 30, 40 Hz (high (H)-PMF) were examined on improving signs and symptoms of diabetic neuropathic pain in the streptozotocin-induced diabetic rat models by measuring nociceptive parameters such as hyperalgesia and allodynia, and various cytokine levels (tumor necrosis factor [TNF]-alpha, interleukin [IL]-1 beta, IL-6 and IL-10) of spinal cord and sciatic nerve tissues.Results: Ameliorating potential of L-PMF application on signs of diabetes is significantly higher than those of H-PMF. L-PMF partially attenuated the diabetes-induced increase in the blood glucose level, enhanced the decreased thresholds and latency during the experiments. Diabetes enhanced the pro-inflammatory cytokine, TNF-alpha, IL-1 beta and IL-6, levels in spinal cord and sciatic nerve of rats. L-PMF treatments to diabetic rats decreased these, but enhanced the production of anti-inflammatory cytokine, IL-10.Conclusions: The present results demonstrated that sequenced L-PMF treatment can relieve neuropathic signs of diabetes in rats. Anti-hyperglycemic, anti-allodynic and anti-hyperalgesic effects of L-PMF treatment can be closely correlated with each other. Furthermore, decreasing actions of L-PMF on pro-inflammatory/anti-inflammatory cytokine ratio can suggest that the therapeutic potential of L-PMF in diabetes induced neuropathy may involve the regulation of the neuroinflammatory/neuroimmune processes.