The incidences of Fusarium wilt in melon caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. melonis (FOM) has markedly increased in some melon production area in the world. The foliage wilt by FOM causes decrease in yield of melon. The objective of this study was to screen Fusarium resistant genotypes in Korean melon germplasm and to investigate the horticultural characteristics of oriental melon. This investigation was on FOM resistant screening of 32 Korean melon accessions, carried out at the Plant Protection Research Institute in Adana, Turkey. Among Korean melon, accession No. 8, 21 and 27 had resistance to FOM race 0, 1, K1 (race 1) and K2 (race 2), showing over 75% survival ratio. Because accession No. 27 'Romance' was commercial F1 hybrid cultivar, it can be used directly for commercial cultivation. Since this experiment was accomplished with seedling inspection, field study with mature plants will be conducted. Horticultural traits as fresh weight and length and flesh thickness of oriental melon fruit were smaller than those of melon such as reticulatus and inodorus types.