Fouling assemblage of benthic plastic debris collected from Mersin Bay, NE Levantine coast of Turkey


GÜNDOĞDU S. , ÇEVİK C. , KARACA S.

MARINE POLLUTION BULLETIN, cilt.124, ss.147-154, 2017 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 124 Konu: 1
  • Basım Tarihi: 2017
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2017.07.023
  • Dergi Adı: MARINE POLLUTION BULLETIN
  • Sayfa Sayısı: ss.147-154

Özet

The Mediterranean is an ecosystem that faces more and more microplastic pollution every day. This causes the whole of the Mediterranean to face the negative effects of plastic pollution. This study examines the state of plastic debris and fouling organisms found on it in one of the areas most affected by plastic pollution, Mersin Bay. As a result, a total of 3.88 kg plastic (mean = 0,97 kg; n = 120; 2670 item/km(2); 86,3 kg/km(2)) was collected and based on the ATR-FTIR analysis, it was determined that this total contained 9 types of plastics. 17 different fouling species belonging to 6 phylum (Annelida, Arthropoda, Bryozoa, Chordata, Cnidaria, Mollusca) 7 class and 11 order were discovered on plastics. Spirobranchus triqueter, Hydroides sp. and Neopycnodonte cochlear were the most abundant species. In the end, the example of Mersin Bay shows that plastic debris as a substrate can contain a very high diversity of life just like natural substrates.