Synthesis, characterization and electrochemistry studies of iron(III) complex with curcumin ligand

ÖZBOLAT G., Yegani A. A., TULİ A.

CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL PHARMACOLOGY AND PHYSIOLOGY, vol.45, no.11, pp.1221-1226, 2018 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier


Iron overload is a serious clinical condition for humans and is a key target in drug development. The aim of this study was to investigate the coordination of iron(III) ions with curcumin ligand that may be used in the treatment of iron overload. Iron(III) complex of curcumin was synthesized and structurally characterized in its solid and solution state by FT-IR, UV-Vis, elemental analysis, and magnetic susceptibility. Electrochemical behaviour of the ligand and the complexes were examined using cyclic voltammetry. The cytotoxic activities of the ligand and the iron(III) complex were evaluated by the MTT assay. Curcumin reacted with iron in high concentrations at physiological pH at room temperature. Subsequently, a brown-red complex was formed. Data regarding magnetic susceptibility showed that the complexes with a 1:2 (metal/ligand) mole ratio had octahedral geometry. The complex showed higher anti-oxidant effect towards the cell line ECV304 at IC50 values of 4.83 compared to curcumin. The complex exhibited very high cytotoxic activity and showed a cytotoxic effect that was much better than that of the ligand. The potentials for redox were calculated as 0.180V and 0.350V, respectively. The electrochemistry studies showed that Fe3+/Fe2+ couple redox process occurred at low potentials. This value was within the range of compounds that are expected to show superoxide dismutase activity. This finding indicates that the iron complex is capable of removing free radicals. The observed cytotoxicity could be pursued to obtain a potential drug. Further studies investigating the use of curcumin for this purpose are needed.