Angiogenesis has a major role in the pathogenesis of malignancies. Studies involving the role of angiogenesis have been most commonly performed in solid tumors. However, studies related to hemapoietic neoplasia and angiogenesis are relatively limited. We investigated the role of angiogenesis in non-Hodgkin's lymphomas (NHLs) and its relation with clinical and histopathologic prognostic indicators. In this respect, angiogenesis markers were evaluated in 71 patients with NHL and these were compared with other prognostic indicators including age, gender, histological grade, stage, extranodal involvement and survival. Microvessel density (MVD) using Factor VIII monoclonal antibody and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) using monoclonal antibody for VEGF expression were studied in paraffin-embedded tissue samples. We did not find a significant relationship between MVD and patient characteristics including age, gender, stage, histological grade, nodal status, international prognostic index (IPI), and response to treatment. MVD was found to be greater in cases with B symptoms compared to those without B symptoms ( 14.6+/-5.7 and 11.4+/-5.3, respectively, p =0.002 ). No significant relationship was found between VEGF and age, gender, stage, histological grade, IPI, and overall survival. The complete and partial response rate to therapy was significantly higher in VEGF-negative patients than in the VEGF-positive patients ( p =0.003). In conclusion, there appears to be a role for angiogenesis and angiogenic factors in NHLs. The combination of anti-angiogenic drugs with conventional anti-neoplastic treatment will probably be used in the future. Larger series of patients are needed to determine the prognostic value of angiogenesis in NHL.