Use of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for detection of natural leishmania infections in phlebotomine sand flies from southeastern Turkey

Pazarbasi A., Alptekin D., Luleyap H., Kasap M., Kasap H.

JOURNAL OF MEDICAL ENTOMOLOGY, vol.43, no.2, pp.248-251, 2006 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 43 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2006
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.248-251
  • Çukurova University Affiliated: Yes


In total, 320 phelebotomine sand flies from Alibozlu (Osmaniye), Kizyusuflu (Osmaniye), and Sanliurfa in southeastern Turkey were tested for the detection and identification of Leishmania in vector sand flies by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay with species-specific monoclonal antibodies. We used monoclonal antibodies that recognize both Leishmania tropica and Lieishmania major, and a monoclonal antibody specific only to L. tropica. Phosphate-buffered saline and monoclonal antibody M-2 recognizing Leishmania amazonensis were used as controls. Infection rates of sand flies were 0.9% in Alibozlu, 0% Kizyusuflu, and 3.6% in Sanliurfa. Positive sand flies were identified as Phlebotomus sergenti Parrot and Phlebotomus major syriacus Adler & Theodor.