Recurrence of Pure Red Cell Aplasia in a Kidney Transplant Recipient Due to Reactivation of Parvovirus B19 Infection Despite Two Cycles of Intravenous Immunoglobulin Therapy

Kaya B. , PAYDAS S.

EXPERIMENTAL AND CLINICAL TRANSPLANTATION, cilt.17, ss.195-197, 2019 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 17
  • Basım Tarihi: 2019
  • Doi Numarası: 10.6002/ect.mesot2018.p63
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.195-197


Parvovirus B19 is a single-stranded DNA virus that typically has an affinity for erythroid progenitor cells in bone marrow and leads to pure red cell aplasia. This is a common pathogen in humans, and the expression of the infection depends on the host's hematologic and immunologic status. Here, we report a female patient who developed severe and persistent anemia after kidney transplant while being on immunosuppressive therapy. The parvovirus B19 immunoglobulin M test was positive, and the virus was detected by polymerase chain reaction as parvovirus B19 (23.5 million copies/mL) in the blood sample. Bone marrow examination revealed giant pronormoblasts. She responded well to intravenous immunoglobulin without adverse event. Hemoglobin levels gradually increased, and normal levels were achieved at 3 months posttreatment. Although her renal function did not deteriorate, severe anemia (with hemoglobin level 5 g/dL) recurred 3 times during 12 months posttransplant.