SPECIES COMPOSITION OF COCCINELLIDAE (COLEOPTERA) AND THEIR PREYS IN ADANA (TURKEY) WITH OBSERVATIONS ON POTENTIAL HOST MEDICINAL AND AROMATIC PLANTS


Elekcioglu N. Z.

APPLIED ECOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH, cilt.18, ss.369-388, 2020 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 18 Konu: 1
  • Basım Tarihi: 2020
  • Doi Numarası: 10.15666/aeer/1801_369388
  • Dergi Adı: APPLIED ECOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.369-388

Özet

This study was carried out to determine the Coccinellidae (Coleoptera) species and their preys in Adana Province of Turkey. The samples were collected from medicinal and aromatic plants in 2016-2018. Coccinellidae species were sampled by using sweep-net, handheld aspirator or by handpicking. Total of 1470 individuals were collected and 28 species belonging to 20 genera were identified. The common species according to their frequency were; Coccinella septempunctata (Linnaeus) (24.56%), Hippodamia (Adonia) variegata (Goeze) (15.92%), Scymnus pallipediformis Gunther (11.29%), Chilocorus bipustulatus (L.) (5.65%), Scymnus levaillanti M. (5.51%). Coccinellid species were found widely distributed in both localities studied, whereas, Saricam locality represented higher diversity indices of Shannon-Weiner's (2.810) and Simpson's (0.076). Similarity index was observed as 0.727. A total of 42 pest species were observed. Twenty predator species were recorded to be primarily feeding on aphids. For almost all coccinellid species, population was highest in spring and in the early summer Beetles were collected from 54 medicinal and aromatic plants with 18 species from the Lamiceae and 12 species from the Asteraceae families.