Alterations in p16 and p53 genes and chromosomal findings in patients with lung cancer: Fluorescence in situ hybridization and cytogenetic studies


CANCER EPIDEMIOLOGY, vol.34, no.4, pp.472-477, 2010 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 34 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2010
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.canep.2010.03.018
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.472-477
  • Çukurova University Affiliated: Yes


Background Chromosomal aberrations and instability of gene(s) are two factors related to the genetic instability of cancer cells A loss of the tumor-suppressor function of the genes p16 and p53 is the most common event leading to the development of human cancers Carcinoma of the lung is the leading cause of cancer deaths in the world Chromosomal abnormalities in lung cancer may provide a valuable clue to the identification of target loci and culminate in a successful search for the major genes. The aim of this study was to investigate (i) alterations of the p16 and p53 genes and (ii) chromosomal aberrations in patients with small cell and non-small cell lung cancer by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and cytogenetic studies Methods We carried out cytogenetic analysis by Giemsa-banding in 18 cases. FISH probes for the p16 and p53 genes were also used on interphase nuclei to screen the alterations in these genes in lung cancer (LC) Results We observed a high frequency of losses of the p16 - in 8/18(44%) - and p53 - in 7/18 (39%) - genes in the cases with LC A total of 18 patients showed predominantly numerical and structural aberrations Among these two types, structural aberrations predominated and usually consisted of deletions, breaks, and fragilities in various chromosomes Both structural and numerical changes weir observed in almost all patients Chromosomes 3 and 1 were found to be most frequently involved in structural abnormalities, followed by chromosomes 6, 9, and 8 Autosomal aneuploidies were also observed to be the most frequent (chromosomes 22, 19, 18, 20, 9, and 17). followed by those of the X and Y chromosomes The expression of fragile sites was also found to be significantly higher in seven chromosomal regions 3p14, 1q21, 1q12, 6q26, 9q13, 8q22, and 8q24 Conclusion Our data confirmed that DNA damage and genomic instability may be factors contributing to the mutation profile and development of lung cancer The patients who developed lung cancer showed a high frequency of loss of both p16 and p53, in addition to chromosomal aberrations Tobacco could be a major carcinogenic factor in lung-cancer progression The loss of p16 and p53, and increased incidence of autosomal aneuploidy and chromatid breaks, along with other chromosomal alterations, can contribute to the progression of the disease Published by Elsevier Ltd on behalf of International Society of Preventive Oncology