VACUUM, vol.83, no.3, pp.540-543, 2008 (SCI-Expanded)
High quality transparent conductive ZnO thin films with various thicknesses were prepared by pulsed filtered cathodic vacuum arc deposition (PFCVAD) system on glass substrates at room temperature. The high quality of the ZnO thin films was verified by X-ray diffraction and optical measurements. XRD analysis revealed that all films had a strong ZnO (200) peak, indicating c-axis orientation. The ZnO thin films are very transparent (92%) in the near vis regions. For the ZnO thin films deposited at a pressure of 0.086 Pa (6.5 x 10(-4) Torr) optical energy band gap decreased from 3.21 eV to 3.19 eV with increasing the thickness. Urbach tail energy also decreased as the film thickness increased.