Evaluation of Riwayahs of Tafsir in the Context of Correlated with 'Abdallah b. Salam Verses in Meccan Suras


KILINÇLI S.

CUMHURIYET ILAHIYAT DERGISI-CUMHURIYET THEOLOGY JOURNAL, cilt.23, ss.831-853, 2019 (ESCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 23 Konu: 2
  • Basım Tarihi: 2019
  • Doi Numarası: 10.18505/cuid.585988
  • Dergi Adı: CUMHURIYET ILAHIYAT DERGISI-CUMHURIYET THEOLOGY JOURNAL
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.831-853

Özet

In the era Islam emerged, Arabs were calling Jews and Christians as Ahl al-Kitab, respecting them and affected by them in many ways. When they failed in their debates against the Prophet, they were referring to the scholars of Ahl al-Kit.g , and relying on the information they got from them, they were trying to force and beat the Prophet intellectually by their questions. In the Meccan period, no clashes had happened between the Muslims and Ahl al-Kitab. Jewish scholars had been admitting that they knew the similarity in the topics of Qur'an and Tawrat, the Qur'an were telling the truth and the Prophet was conveying the message of the truth. In some of the verses, these right attitudes of the scholars of Ahl al-Kitab are used as a reference against Mushriks. In the verses said, those scholars are praised and indicated as a source of information for the Prophet as well. The verses related with the topic were understood in parallel with the context and direct meaning of the Nass by some scholars, yet, they were explained not taking the Nuzul environment and process into consideration by some other scholars. It is mentioned that 'Abdallah b. Salam and his friends who became Muslims in Medina period have been told in these verses. In this study, level of validity for these interpretations will be evaluated based on Qur'an -relationship and the fact that some of the asbab al-nuzul (circumstances of revelation) are known to be jurisprudential; and it will be argued that the true meaning of the nass is overshadowed.