Measurement of the knowledge level about breast self-exam among the female employees of a university hospital, Turkey.

Sisman H., Ozgen R., Baysal D., Sariakcali N., Ozturk S., Kum P., ...More

Asia-Pacific journal of oncology nursing, vol.1, no.1, pp.40-45, 2014 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 1 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Doi Number: 10.4103/2347-5625.135819
  • Journal Name: Asia-Pacific journal of oncology nursing
  • Page Numbers: pp.40-45
  • Keywords: Breast cancer, breast self-exam, early diagnosis, woman, CANCER, WOMEN, MAMMOGRAPHY, COUNTRIES
  • Çukurova University Affiliated: Yes


Objective: Periodic mammography, clinical breast examination and breast self-exam (BSE) facilitate getting a therapeutic response and improve disease prognosis, by leading to early diagnosis of the breast cancer. Methods: The study included a total of 618 women working in Cukurova University, Faculty of Medicine, as technician, secretary, staff, midwife and doctor. They answered a 22-items questionnaire consisting of questions about general knowledge, 8 of these were about BSE. Results: While it was statistically significant that the education was not correlated with the age of onset of BSE and timing of BSE, the education was significantly efficient in terms of knowing the aim of the BSE, its frequency, post-menopausal BSE time, nipple discharge properties in the case of breast cancer, diagnostic methods and the risks. While it was statistically significant that the profession was not related to age of onset of BSE and knowing the right day of the month on which BSE should be performed, the education was likely to be efficient in knowing the frequency, post-menopausal BSE time, aim of the BSE, nipple discharge properties in the case of breast cancer, diagnostic methods and the risks. When the percentage of giving right answers to the questions and educational background and professional groups were compared, it was seen that the difference of the number of right answers and professional groups was significant. Conclusion: Based on our results, we concluded that the education about BSE is warranted in order to increase the likelihood of female healthcare personnel to diagnose breast cancer at an earlier stage, given their role in raising the awareness of the population.