In this work, two Turkish coals were extracted with N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP) and NMP containing a small amount of ionic liquids (ILs) under reflux conditions at atmospheric pressure. The effects of coal type, ionic liquid type, ionic liquid-to-coal ratio, and ultrasonic interactions on extraction yield were investigated. The ILs used were: 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride ([Bmim]Cl), 1-buty-4-methylpyridinium chloride ([Bmp]Cl), 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride ([Emim]Cl), and 1-butyl-2,3-dimethylimidazolium chloride ([Bdmim]Cl). It was found that the extraction yield of coals using NMP/ILs varied with coal type, IL type and amount of IL. ILs were effective on the extraction of Afsin-Elbistan (AE) lignite, but not on the extraction of Uzulmez (UZ) coal. A significant increase in extraction yield for AE lignite was observed when a small amount of IL was added into NMP. It was determined that [Bmim]Cl was the most efficient IL used for the extraction of lignite compared to the others ILs used, and the extraction efficiency was found to increase by increasing the amount of ionic liquid added into NMP.