Hindistan'da Esaret: I. Dünya Savaşı Ve Sonrasında Hindistan'daki Türk Esirleri


DÖNMEZ A., ALTIKULAÇ A.

Geçmişten Günümüze Türkiye-Hindistan İlişkileri, Yeni Delhi, Hindistan, 26 - 27 Mart 2015, ss.1-14

  • Basıldığı Şehir: Yeni Delhi
  • Basıldığı Ülke: Hindistan
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.1-14

Özet

Birinci Dünya Savaşı’nda Irak, Sina, Filistin, Kanal Cephelerinde İngilizlere esir düşen yaklaşık on beş bin civarındaki Türk, önce Mısır ardından Hindistan’daki Bellary, Sümerpur, Tongnung esir kampları ile Kalküta’daki istasyon kampına götürülmüşlerdir. Hindistan’daki Türk esirleri uzun esaretleri boyunca ailelerinden bilgi alamama, parasızlık, ilgisizlik, beslenme ve uzun süre esarette kalmanın yarattığı ruhsal bunalımlar ile Hindistan ikliminin uzun vadede zayıflatıcı ve bitkin düşürücü etkisine bağlı hastalıklardan çok sıkıntı çekmişlerdir. Tüm bunlara rağmen kendi imal ettikleri müzik aletleriyle verdikleri konserler, çıkardıkları gazeteler, öğrenmeye çalıştıkları yeni lisanlarla kamplarda canlı bir sosyal ve kültürel hayatı da sürdürmeye çalışmışlardır. Türk esirlerin 1918’de başlayan dönüşü İngilizlerin kasten ağırdan almasıyla 1922 yılı sonuna kadar sürmüştür. Kamplarda hayatını kaybetmiş yüzlerce şehidimiz için şehitlikler yapılmış fakat bunların bir kısmı bugün kaybolmuştur.

Near about fifteen thousand Turks taken captive by the English in Iraq, Sinai, Palestine, Channel fronts in First World War, were taken to Egypt before and after Bellary, Sumerpur, Tongnung prisoner camps in India and to Station camp in Calcutta. During their long captivity, Turkish prisoners in India have suffered a lot because of inability to get information from their families, poverty, apathy, nutrition and spiritual crises caused by stay in captivity long time and diseases due to the effect of debilitating and exhausting over the long term. Despite all of, they also had tried to pursue a vibrant social and cultural life with their concerts by the musical instruments which were made by themselves, their published newspapers, new languages that they tried to learn in camps. The return of Turkish prisoners starting in 1918 had lasted until the end of 1922 by reluctance by English on purpose. The martyrdoms were made for hundreds martyrs who lost their lives in camps but some of them has disappeared today.Near about fifteen thousand Turks taken captive by the English in Iraq, Sinai, Palestine, Channel fronts in First World War, were taken to Egypt before and after Bellary, Sumerpur, Tongnung prisoner camps in India and to Station camp in Calcutta. During their long captivity, Turkish prisoners in India have suffered a lot because of inability to get information from their families, poverty, apathy, nutrition and spiritual crises caused by stay in captivity long time and diseases due to the effect of debilitating and exhausting over the long term. Despite all of, they also had tried to pursue a vibrant social and cultural life with their concerts by the musical instruments which were made by themselves, their published newspapers, new languages that they tried to learn in camps. The return of Turkish prisoners starting in 1918 had lasted until the end of 1922 by reluctance by English on purpose. The martyrdoms were made for hundreds martyrs who lost their lives in camps but some of them has disappeared today.