The Effect of Bidet Use on Severity of Constipation and Quality of Life Among Pregnant Women.

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Alan S. , Gozuyesil E. , Surucu Ş.

Yonago acta medica, vol.63, no.3, pp.205-213, 2020 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 63 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.33160/yam.2020.08.011
  • Title of Journal : Yonago acta medica
  • Page Numbers: pp.205-213


Background Constipation is a common problem in

pregnancy. This study aims to elucidate the efficacy

of using a bidet before defecation to reduce the severity

of constipation and improve the quality of life in


Methods The sample consisted of an experimental

group (n = 30) and a control group (n = 30), a total of 60

pregnant women. Randomization was performed using

the pitch-and-toss method from simple probability randomization

methods. The research data were collected

using the Personal Information Form, the Constipation

Assessment Scale for Pregnancy, and the Constipation

Quality of Life Scale.

Results There was a statistically significant difference

between the pregnant women’s mean scores on the

Constipation Assessment Scale for Pregnancy due to

the intervention of bidet before defecation. Although the

members of the intervention group had severe constipation

at first, they reported only “some problems” on

defecation after the intervention. In addition, statistically

significant improvements were observed in the

intervention group via all subscales of the Constipation

Quality of Life Scale except the satisfaction subscale.

Conclusion Providing pregnant women with training

on constipation and information about how to control

constipation using a bidet is very important in terms of

reducing the severity of constipation, enabling them to

feel better and continue their daily activities, and thus to

improve their quality of life.

Key words constipation; ease of defecation; pregnancy;

quality of life