Experimental investigation of pull-out performance of pedicle screws at different polyurethane (PU) foam densities


ÇETİN A. , BİRCAN D. A.

PROCEEDINGS OF THE INSTITUTION OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS PART H-JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING IN MEDICINE, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume:
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/09544119211002587
  • Title of Journal : PROCEEDINGS OF THE INSTITUTION OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS PART H-JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING IN MEDICINE

Abstract

Pedicle bone screws are one of the most critical materials used in spinal orthopaedic operations. Screw loosening and pull-out (PO) are basic complications encountered during or after surgery. Pull-out Strength (POS) of the bone is one of the significant parameters to understand the mechanical behaviour of a screw fixed to poor quality or osteoporotic bone. This study investigates how the POS of a pedicle screw is affected by the factors of the screw diameter and the polyurethane (PU) foam density by experimental analysis. In the experiments, two different diameter (5.5 and 6.5 mm) of conical pedicle screws and five different density (0.08, 0.16, 0.24, 0.32 and 0.48 g center dot cm(-3)) PU foams were used. According to the force-displacement curves obtained from experimental results, the POS increased with the increases in screw diameter and PU foam density.