Pedicle bone screws are one of the most critical materials used in spinal orthopaedic operations. Screw loosening and pull-out (PO) are basic complications encountered during or after surgery. Pull-out Strength (POS) of the bone is one of the significant parameters to understand the mechanical behaviour of a screw fixed to poor quality or osteoporotic bone. This study investigates how the POS of a pedicle screw is affected by the factors of the screw diameter and the polyurethane (PU) foam density by experimental analysis. In the experiments, two different diameter (5.5 and 6.5 mm) of conical pedicle screws and five different density (0.08, 0.16, 0.24, 0.32 and 0.48 g center dot cm(-3)) PU foams were used. According to the force-displacement curves obtained from experimental results, the POS increased with the increases in screw diameter and PU foam density.