Production of biogenic amines by Morganella morganii, Klebsiella pneumoniae and Hafnia alvei using a rapid HPLC method


Ozogul F.

EUROPEAN FOOD RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY, cilt.219, sa.5, ss.465-469, 2004 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 219 Konu: 5
  • Basım Tarihi: 2004
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1007/s00217-004-0988-0
  • Dergi Adı: EUROPEAN FOOD RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.465-469

Özet

The histidine decarboxylating activity and production of biogenic amines by Morganella morganii (NCIMB, 10466), Klebsiella pneumoniae (NCIMB, 673) and Hafnia alvei (NCIMB, 11999) were investigated using a rapid HPLC method. Derivatisation of the bacterial samples was carried out using benzoyl chloride. A gradient elution system was used for analysis with a mixture of acetonitrile and HPLC grade water. Bacterial strains not only produce histamine in histidine-enriched broth but also the other biogenic amines. The chromatographic results show that bacterial strains are also capable of producing spermine and spermidine in histidine-enriched broth. Bacterial ammonia production by all three strains was clearly detected since ammonia is generated during the degradation of histidine. The study demonstrates that the highest histamine production was obtained by Morganella morganii, followed by Klebsiella pneumoniae, and the lowest with the Hafnia alvei. Therefore, Morganella morganii and Klebsiella pneumoniae have strong histidine decarboxylase activity since they are prolific histamine-forming bacteria.

The histidine decarboxylating activity and production of biogenic amines by Morganella morganii (NCIMB, 10466), Klebsiella pneumoniae (NCIMB, 673) andHafnia alvei (NCIMB, 11999) were investigated using a rapid HPLC method. Derivatisation of the bacterial samples was carried out using benzoyl chloride. Agradient elution system was used for analysis with a mixture of acetonitrile and HPLC grade water. Bacterial strains not only produce histamine in histidine-enriched broth but also the other biogenic amines. The chromatographic results show that bacterial strains are also capable of producing spermine and spermidine in histidine-enriched broth. Bacterial ammonia production by all three strains was clearly detected since ammonia is generated during the degradation of histidine. The study demonstrates that the highest histamine production was obtained by Morganella morganii, followed by Klebsiellapneumoniae, and the lowest with the Hafnia alvei. Therefore, Morganella morganii and Klebsiella pneumoniae have strong histidine decarboxylase activity since they are prolific histamine-forming bacteria.