Superconducting niobium nitride thin films by reactive pulsed laser deposition

UFUKTEPE Y. , Farha A. H. , Kimura S. I. , Hajiri T., Imura K., Mamun M. A. , ...Daha Fazla

THIN SOLID FILMS, cilt.545, ss.601-607, 2013 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 545
  • Basım Tarihi: 2013
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.tsf.2013.08.051
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.601-607


The structural, electronic, and nanomechanical properties of cubic niobium nitride thin films were investigated. The films were deposited on Si(100) under different background nitrogen gas pressures (26.7-66.7 Pa) at constant substrate temperature of 800 degrees C by reactive pulsed laser deposition. Our results reveal that the NbNx films exhibit a cubic delta-NbN with strong (111) orientation and highly-oriented textured structures. We find nitrogen background pressure to be an important factor in determining the structure of the NbNx films. The dependence of the electronic structure as well as that of the superconducting transition temperature (T-c) on the nitrogen gas background pressure is studied. A correlation between surface morphology, electronic and superconducting properties is found for the deposited NbNx thin films. The highly-textured delta-NbN films have a T-c up to 15.07 K. Nanoindentation with continuous stiffness method is used to evaluate the hardness and modulus of the NbNx thin films as a function of depth. The film deposited at nitrogen background pressure of 66.7 Pa exhibits improved superconducting properties and shows higher hardness values as compared to films deposited at lower nitrogen pressures. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.