Peach, nectarine and plum growing possibilities under subtropical conditions of Turkey and north Cyprus


Kuden A. , Kuden A., Imrak B. , Turkmen O., Ozguven A., Rehber Y., et al.

7th International Symposium on Temperate Zone Fruits in the Tropics and Subtropics, Nauni, Hindistan, 14 - 18 Ekim 2003, ss.119-126 identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası:
  • Basıldığı Şehir: Nauni
  • Basıldığı Ülke: Hindistan
  • Sayfa Sayısı: ss.119-126

Özet

Peach, nectarine and plum growing possibilities under subtropical conditions of North Cyprus was compared with Adana/Turkey. Gransun was found to be the earliest flowering cultivar among peaches and nectarines both in Adana and Turkmenkoy. In Adana, Francoise ripened earlier than the others and was followed by Maycrest and Early Maycrest. However, Gransun was also the earliest harvesting cultivar in Turkmenkoy and followed by Early Maycrest, Francoise, Armking and the others. Generally the earliest cultivars, such as Gransun, Early Maycrest and Armking ripen 13, 8, and 4 days earlier in Turkmenkoy than in Adana, respectively. However, Francoise and Maycrest ripen 14 and 12 days earlier in Adana than Turkmenkoy. In both places, Romestar peach cultivar was the latest, thus it was not recommended to both places because of the Mediterranean fruit fly damage. Peaches and nectarines set fruit in the first year of planting, while the plums were in the second year. Armking, Superred, Maycrest, Gransun and Springcrest were the highest yielding cultivars in both places. The biggest fruits obtained from Maycrest, Early Maycrest, Francoise, Springcrest, Romestar, Silver of Rome, Silver Splendid and Silverking in both places with some changes in different years.

Peach, nectarine and plum growing possibilities under subtropical conditions of North Cyprus was compared with Adana/Turkey. Gransun was found to be the earliest flowering cultivar among peaches and nectarines both in Adana and Turkmenkoy. In Adana, Francoise ripened earlier than the others and was followed by Maycrest and Early Maycrest. However, Gransun was also the earliest harvesting cultivar in Turkmenkoy and followed by Early Maycrest, Francoise, Armking and the others. Generally the earliest cultivars, such as Gransun, Early Maycrest and Armking ripen 13, 8, and 4 days earlier in Turkmenkoy than in Adana, respectively. However, Francoise and Maycrest ripen 14 and 12 days earlier in Adana than Turkmenkoy. In both places, Romestar peach cultivar was the latest, thus it was not recommended to both places because of the Mediterranean fruit fly damage. Peaches and nectarines set fruit in the first year of planting, while the plums were in the second year. Armking, Superred, Maycrest, Gransun and Springcrest were the highest yielding cultivars in both places. The biggest fruits obtained from Maycrest, Early Maycrest, Francoise, Springcrest, Romestar, Silver of Rome, Silver Splendid and Silverking in both places with some changes in different years.

Among the plums, Bella di Barbiano, Black Amber, Fortune and Bluefre were found to be the earliest ones for blooming characteristics. Harvesting times of plums in Turkmenkoy and Adana were quite different from each other, however generally, Bella di Barbiano, Sorriso di Primavera, Fortune, Black Giant, Black Beaut and Black Amber were the earliest in both places. Considering the one year's results in plum, Sorriso di Primavera, T.C. Sun, Papaz, Black Giant and Golden Plumza seemed to be the best yielding plum cultivars. T.C. Sun, and Golden Plumza gave more than 80 g of fruit weight in Turkmenkoy. Bella di Barbiano, Black Amber, Queen Rose and T.C. Sun gave fruits more than 74 g in Adana. These cultivars seemed to be promising cultivars for the peach, nectarine and plum production under subtropical conditions.