LC-ESI-MS Characterization of Phenolic Profiles Turkish Olive Oils as Influenced by Geographic Origin and Harvest Year

Kesen S., Kelebek H., SELLİ S.

JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS SOCIETY, vol.91, no.3, pp.385-394, 2014 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 91 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11746-013-2380-3
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.385-394
  • Keywords: Olive oil, Phenolic compounds, Antioxidant capacity, Harvest year, DPPH, ABTS, CHEMICAL CHARACTERISTICS, ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITIES, EXTRACTION, VARIETIES
  • Çukurova University Affiliated: Yes


The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate and compare the differences in the phenolic fractions and antioxidant properties of virgin olive oils from the Nizip yaglik and Kilis yaglik olive varieties cultivated in native and different olive growing areas of Turkey. The phenolic composition of olive oils was carried out by HPLC-DAD and identifications were made by LC-MS. Fourteen phenolic compounds were identified and among these compounds elenolic acid, tyrosol and hydroxytyrosol were the most dominant. Based on the results, there was no difference in distribution of phenolic compounds, but the total phenolic content in oil from native regions was higher than in oil from Bornova regions. The antioxidant capacity of olive oil extracts was determined by two different methods, including DPPH and ABTS. In both methods, antioxidant capacity values were higher in oil from native regions.