Some biological interactions between the parasitoid Anagyrus pseudococci (Girault) (Hymenoptera : Encyrtidae) and its host Planococcus ficus (Signoret) (Hemiptera : Coccoidea : Pseudococcidae)


GULEC G. , KILINCER A. N. , Kaydan M. B. , ULGENTURK S.

JOURNAL OF PEST SCIENCE, cilt.80, ss.43-49, 2007 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 80 Konu: 1
  • Basım Tarihi: 2007
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1007/s10340-006-0152-7
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF PEST SCIENCE
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.43-49

Özet

The development, longevity, fecundity and life-table parameters of the endoparasitoid Anagyrus pseudococci (Girault) (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae), 15 d.o. (3rd-instar nymphs) and 21 d.o. (young adult females) of the vine mealybug, Planococcus ficus (Signoret) (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) at 28 +/- 1 degrees C, 65 +/- 10%RH and 16:8h L:D under laboratory conditions. The developmental time of female parasitoids within the host was 17.7 +/- 0.39 days in 15 d.o. and 16.65 +/- 0.25 days in 21 d.o. hosts; for males, development time was 16.85 +/- 0.29 and 15.25 +/- 0.09 days, respectively. The average number of offspring per female was 22.35 +/- 1.68 in 15 d.o. and 34.8 +/- 2.56 in 21 d.o. vine mealybugs. The longevity of female parasitoids was 14.8 +/- 0.98 days in 15 d.o. and 15.65 +/- 0.92 days in 21 d.o. mealybugs, respectively; for males, longevity was determined as 7.3 +/- 0.43 and 6.7 +/- 0.54 days, respectively. The mean time of pupation was 7.85 +/- 0.003 days in 15 d.o. mealybugs and 8.65 +/- 0.003 days in 21 d.o. mealybugs. The aggregate encapsulation rate in the parasitized 15 d.o. mealybugs was 49.73 and 60.36% in 21 d.o. mealybugs. Furthermore, effective encapsulation was 24.82% in 15 d.o. mealybugs and 37.50% in 21 d.o. mealybugs. Population growth rate (r(m)) for A. pseudococci was 0.0999 female/female/days in 15 d.o. mealybugs and 0.1269 female/female/days in 21 d.o. mealybugs. The mean population generation time was 23.49 days for parasitoids reared in 15-days-old and 22.39 days when reared in 21 d.o. mealybugs.