Role of potassium channels in the frequency-dependent activity of regenerating nerves


Mert T., Gunay I. , Daglioglu Y. K.

PHARMACOLOGY, vol.72, no.3, pp.157-166, 2004 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 72 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2004
  • Doi Number: 10.1159/000080100
  • Title of Journal : PHARMACOLOGY
  • Page Numbers: pp.157-166

Abstract

After a peripheral nerve injury, ion channel organization and the electrical properties of nerve fibers drastically change during the regeneration process. The present study was designed to compare the frequency-dependent characteristics of regenerating nerves in the presence of 4-aminopyridine (4-AP) and tetraethylammonium (TEA). The results showed that increasing the stimulus frequency produced a greater impulse blockade (frequency-dependent block-FDB) and distinct hyperpolarizing afterpotentials (HAPs) in regenerating nerves. In particular, regenerating sciatic nerves 15 days post-crush (dpc) were more sensitive to the frequency-dependent stimulations than 38-dpc and intact nerves in the presence or absence of drugs. The frequency-dependent effects of TEA on the compound action potentials (CAPs) appeared when TEA was applied to 4-AP-treated nerves. This shows that TEA-sensitive channels may not be masked by the myelin. 4-AP was here found to have more pronounced frequency-dependent effects on regenerating nerves than on intact nerves. Delayed depolarization (in 38-dpc: 22.6 +/- 1.3 mV and 47.52 +/- 3.63 ms, in intact: 12.0 +/- 1.9 mV and 88.51 +/- 4.72 ms) elicited by 4-AP resulted in an increase in FDBs and HAP amplitudes. These results suggest that 4-AP-sensitive channels may play important roles in frequency-dependent nerve conduction. Consequently, regenerating or myelin damaged nerves are more sensitive to repetitive firing with or without drug. An understanding of the frequency-dependent properties of regenerating nerves may be of value in the treatment of the nerve diseases. Copyright (C) 2004 S. Karger AG, Basel.