Chemical and thermal stability of the characteristics of filtered vacuum arc deposited ZnO, SnO2 and zinc stannate thin films

Cetinoergue E. , Goldsmith S.

JOURNAL OF PHYSICS D-APPLIED PHYSICS, cilt.40, ss.5220-5226, 2007 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 40 Konu: 17
  • Basım Tarihi: 2007
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1088/0022-3727/40/17/031
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.5220-5226


ZnO, SnO2 and zinc stannate thin films were deposited on commercial microscope glass and UV fused silica substrates using filtered vacuum arc deposition system. During the deposition, the substrate temperature was at room temperature ( RT) or at 400 degrees C. The film structure and composition were determined using x- ray diffraction and x- ray photoelectron spectroscopy, respectively. The transmission of the films in the VIS was 85% to 90%. The thermal stability of the film electrical resistance was determined in air as a function of the temperature in the range 28.degrees C ( RT) to 200 degrees C. The resistance of ZnO increased from similar to 5000 to 10(5) Omega when heated to 200 degrees C, that of SnO2 films increased from 500 to 3900 Omega, whereas that of zinc stannate thin films increased only from 370 to 470 Omega. During sample cooling to RT, the resistance of ZnO and SnO2 thin films continued to rise considerably; however, the increase in the zinc stannate thin film resistance was significantly lower. After cooling to RT, ZnO and SnO2 thin films became practically insulators, while the resistance of zinc stannate was 680 Omega. The chemical stability of the films was determined by immersing in acidic and basic solutions up to 27 h. The SnO2 thin films were more stable in the HCl solution than the ZnO and the zinc stannate thin films; however, SnO2 and zinc stannate thin films that were immersed in the NaOH solution did not dissolve after 27 h.