Developing new VO(2)max prediction models from maximal, submaximal and questionnaire variables using support vector machines combined with feature selection

Abut F. , AKAY M. F. , George J.

COMPUTERS IN BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE, vol.79, pp.182-192, 2016 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 79
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.compbiomed.2016.10.018
  • Page Numbers: pp.182-192
  • Keywords: Support vector machine, Multilayer perceptron, Tree boost, Maximal oxygen uptake, Feature selection, Hybrid prediction models, COLLEGE-AGED PARTICIPANTS, OXYGEN-UPTAKE, CARDIORESPIRATORY FITNESS, PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY, EXERCISE TEST, VO2MAX, EQUATION, BLOOD


Maximal oxygen uptake (VO(2)max) is an essential part of health and physical fitness, and refers to the highe' rate of oxygen consumption an individual can attain during exhaustive exercise. In this study, for the first-Lim in the literature, we combine the triple of maximal, submaximal and questionnaire variables to propose ner VO(2)max prediction models using Support Vector Machines (SVM's) combined with the Relief-F feature selector to predict and reveal the distinct predictors of VO(2)max. For comparison purposes, hybrid models based or double combinations of maximal, submaximal and questionnaire variables have also been developed. Bi utilizing 10-fold cross-validation, the performance of the models has been calculated using multiple correlatior coefficient (R) and root mean square error (RMSE). The results show that the best values of R and RMSE, wit 0.94 and 2.92 mL kg(-1) min(-1) respectively, have been obtained by combining the triple of relevantly idenlifie maximal, submaximal and questionnaire variables. Compared with the results of the rest of hybrid models in this study and the other prediction models in literature, the reported values of R and RMSE have been found ' be considerably more accurate. The predictor variables gender, age, maximal heart rate (MX-HR), submaximr ending speed (SM-ES) of the treadmill and Perceived Functional Ability (Q-PFA) questionnaire have been fount to be the most relevant variables in predicting VO(2)max. The results have also been compared with that Multilayer Perceptron (MLP) and Tree Boost (TB), and it is seen that SVM significantly outperforms other regression methods for prediction of VO(2)max.