Antibacterial Effects of Some Plant Extracts against Tomato Bacterial Speck Disease Caused by Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato


KARABÜYÜK F. , AYSAN Y.

JOURNAL OF TEKIRDAG AGRICULTURE FACULTY-TEKIRDAG ZIRAAT FAKULTESI DERGISI, cilt.16, ss.231-243, 2019 (ESCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 16 Konu: 2
  • Basım Tarihi: 2019
  • Doi Numarası: 10.33462/jotaf.529499
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF TEKIRDAG AGRICULTURE FACULTY-TEKIRDAG ZIRAAT FAKULTESI DERGISI
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.231-243

Özet

Bacterial speck disease caused by Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato (Pst) is the most important seed-borne bacterial disease of tomato. In this study, the antibacterial activities of aqueous twenty-nine plant extracts were investigated in vitro and in vivo conditions. In in vitro experiments, extracts of Allium sativum, Coricmdrum sativum, Eucalyptus camaldulensis inhibited Psi growth with the inhibition zones 3 mm, 13 mm and 13.6 mm, respectively. Minimum Inhibition Concentrations (MIC) values against Pst determination were Eucalyptus camaldulensis 3.75 mu l/ml, Allium sativum 4.25 mu l/ml, and Origanum onites >128 mu l/ml. The effects ofA Ilium sativum, Coriandrum sativum, Eucalyptus camakIttlensis,Origanum onites, Origanum vulgare subs. hirtum and Zingiber officinale extracts on disease incidence and severity caused by Pst recorded 8.8-100% ratios as seed treatments. The most successful seed treatments were Allium sativum and Origanum onites extracts. Additionally, no negative effect on seed germination and emergence were recorded for the tested plant extracts as seed treatments. In pot experiments, foliar spraying of Allium sativum, Eucalyptus camaldulensis, Origanum onites, Zingiber officinale extracts were reduced the disease incidence from 96% to 99% ratios, whereas the disease incidence was inhibited as 80-100% ratios by root dipping. Root dipping applications of Allium sativum extract were toxic on tomato plants in both experiments for Pst. As a result, plant extracts are promising for the development of new pesticides in the control of bacterial diseases of tomatoes.