Intra-familial interactions and child's emotional and behavioral development is a relationship helix that affects each other, rather than a relationship chain. The aim of this study is to assess the contribution of the concept of emotion socialization, which ranks as new for the national literature, to children's observed behavior problems by approaching variables addressed mostly as dual associations before. In this context, it is aimed to test mediating role of negative maternal emotion socialization on the relationships between children's behavior problems, and mothers' education status and self-blame appraisals about parental conflict. Data was collected from 267 children whose ages were between 9-13, as well as their mothers and teachers by using Demographic Form, Children's Perception of Marital Conflict (CPIC), Coping with Children's Negative Emotions Scale, Conners' Parent Rating Scale-Short Form and Conners' Teacher Raiting Scale-Short Form. Results suggest that while the relationship between children's behavior problems and self-blame appraisals about parental conflict is partially mediated by maternal negative emotion socialization, the relationship between children's behavior problems and mothers' education status is fully mediated by maternal negative emotion socialization. In the context of these results, it can be said that mothers' education status contributes to the development of children's behavior problems by affecting mother-child interactions represented as emotion socialization approaches in this study. In addition to this, the child who blames him/herself about intense parental conflict evolves behavior problems through mother's negative emotion socialization.