Some experimental studies report that low-frequency pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF) stimulation may accelerate regeneration in peripheral nerves. In the present study, effects of PEMF on the regeneration of the crushed rat sciatic nerves were investigated with histological and in-vitro electrophysiological methods (sucrose-gap). After crush injury of the sciatic nerves, rats were divided into 5, 15, 25, 38 day-groups and exposed to PEMF (1.5 h/day, intensity; 1.5 mT, consecutive frequency; 10-40-100 Hz). In the 15th day post crush, compound action potential (CAP) amplitude was measured as 5.5 +/- 1 mV (crush group) and 5.4 +/- 1.2 mV (crush + PEMF group). In addition, half width of CAP extended similar to 3 fold in both groups and frequency-dependent amplitude inhibition (FDI) decreased similar to 20% at 100 Hz. In the 38th day, amplitude of CAP, half width of CAP and FDI were measured nearly intact nerve values in both groups. In histological examinations, Wallerian degeneration was observed similar progress between both groups. The results were compared between crush and crush + PEMF groups, it was found that the effect of PEMF was not significant. The authors conclude that PEMF were ineffective on rat sciatic nerve regeneration.