The relationship between tourism, CO2 emissions and economic growth: a case of Mediterranean countries


BALLI E., SİGEZE Ç. , MANGA M., BİRDİR S., BİRDİR K.

ASIA PACIFIC JOURNAL OF TOURISM RESEARCH, vol.24, no.3, pp.219-232, 2019 (Journal Indexed in SSCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 24 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/10941665.2018.1557717
  • Title of Journal : ASIA PACIFIC JOURNAL OF TOURISM RESEARCH
  • Page Numbers: pp.219-232

Abstract

This study explores the impact of tourism on economic growth considering CO2 emissions utilizing panel data techniques for a sample of Mediterranean countries. The cointegration tests reveal that there is a positive long-run equilibrium between tourism, CO2 emissions and economic growth. This positive long-run relationship may suggest that tourism increases the level of CO2 emissions and has a statistically significant impact on economic growth in Mediterranean countries. Emirmahmutoglu and Kose (2011. Testing for Granger causality in heterogeneous mixed panels. Economic Modelling, 28(3), 870-876.) test results reveal that the tourism-led growth hypothesis, which suggests that tourism contributes to economic growth, is valid for Egypt, Italy, and Spain. Additionally, there exists a bidirectional relationship between tourism and economic growth both in Morocco and Turkey.