Comparison of caudal ketamine with lidocaine or tramadol administration for postoperative analgesia of hypospadias surgery in children


Gunduz M., Ozalevli M., Ozbek H., Ozcengiz D.

PEDIATRIC ANESTHESIA, cilt.16, ss.158-163, 2006 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

Özet

Background: This study was designed to investigate whether the addition of tramadol or lidocaine to ketamine would enhance the quality of intra- and postoperative analgesia for hypospadias surgery in children.