Influence of potassium and magnesium fertilizer application on the yield and nutrient accumulation of maize genotypes under field conditions


JOURNAL OF PLANT NUTRITION, vol.41, no.3, pp.330-339, 2018 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 41 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/01904167.2017.1385800
  • Page Numbers: pp.330-339


The use of maize (Zea mays L.) genotypes that are able to utilize nutrients efficiently is an important strategy in the management of plant nutritional status; it is of particular importance with regard to potassium (K) and magnesium (Mg), due to their high requirement and influence on plant growth. The influence of K and Mg fertilizers on certain growth parameters of maize genotypes TM.815 and KL.72.AA, including length, seed in ear, seed weight growth, and nutrient concentration, was determined under field conditions over two successive years. The aim of the experiment was to study the effect of different rates of K and Mg fertilizers on maize genotype plant growth parameters, grain yield, and nutrient accumulation under field conditions.A split plot design with three replicates was used and each block contained three treatments of 0, 100, and 200kg ha(-1) of K2O and 0, 10, and 20kg ha(-1) of Mg; K2SO4 was used to supply K, and MgSO4 was used for Mg.Plants that responded to the K fertilizer had an increase in height, yield, and the concentration of K in the leaves and seeds. The addition of K fertilizer increased the concentration of nitrogen (N), iron (Fe), zinc (Zn), manganese (Mn), and K in the plant leaves and increased seed K concentration. Mg fertilizer increased the concentration of N, Fe, copper, and Mn in the leaves; however, it exerted no significant influence on K concentration. The KL.72.AA maize genotype had a higher mean plant height, number of seeds in ear, yield, and N, K, Fe, and Zn concentrations compared to the TM.815 maize genotype. In the experiment, the K fertilizer exerted a statistically significant effect on the leaf and seed K concentration; however, on a statistical basis, the Mg fertilizer did not affect the Mg concentration.