E Sizmaz, M Satar, F Ozlu, A Yaman, HY Yildizdas, K Ozcan. The coincidence of necrotizing enterocolitis and rotavirus infections and potential associations with cytokines. Can J Infect Dis Med Microbiol 2012;23(4):e103-e105. BACKGROUND: Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is the most common gastrointestinal disease in neonatal intensive care units. Although the pathogenesis of NEC remains unclear, evidence suggests that infections, especially bacterial infections, may play an important role. Viral infections may also result in NEC. Several outbreaks of NEC associated with rotaviruses have been described previously.