Impact of malolactic fermentation on the volatile composition of Turkish Kalecik karasi red wines

CELIK Z. D. , CABAROĞLU T. , Krieger-Weber S.

JOURNAL OF THE INSTITUTE OF BREWING, vol.125, no.1, pp.126-133, 2019 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 125 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/jib.540
  • Page Numbers: pp.126-133


he effects of spontaneous malolactic fermentation (MLF) and a malolactic starter culture (Oenococcus oeni) on the volatile compounds of Kalecik karası red wines were investigated. The volatile compounds were extracted using liquid–liquid extraction and quantified by GC–MS–flame ionisation detection. Starter cultures of O. oeni had a positive effect in shortening MLF and producing lower volatile acidity. After MLF, the total volatile compounds increased in both the inoculated wines and the spontaneously fermented wine. Ethyl lactate, diethyl succinate and γ?butyrolactone increased upon inoculation with cultures of O. oeni strains PN4 and VP41. MLF increased the diacetyl concentration in all Kalecik karası wines. Strain dependent differences were found in the level of diacetyl, with O. oeni PN4 producing more diacetyl than O. oeni VP41. After MLF, the concentrations of acetoin, 4?ethylguaicol and 4?ethylphenol increased in spontaneously fermented wine compared with wines inoculated with O. oeni. Accordingly, the use O. oeni PN4 is recommended for a controlled MLF to produce better quality Kalecik karası wines. © 2018 The Institute of Brewing & Distilling