An Experimental Evaluation of Control Modes for Pneumatic Artificial Muscles Using Fast on/off Valves

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Deveci E. T., Baysal C. V.

Çukurova Üniversitesi Mühendislik-Mimarlik Fakültesi Dergisi, vol.35, no.2, pp.401-412, 2020 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)


Pneumatic Artificial Muscles (PAM) are versatile actuators having many advantages such as high force to
weight ratio, soft and flexible structure, extreme safe for human, ease of maintenance and low cost. On
the other hand, their inherent nonlinear characteristics yields difficulties in control actions, which is an
important factor restricting wide-spread use of PAM. In literature, there are studies to resolve the control
issue and their results indicate that there is still requirement for a simple and effective control system. In
this work, as a first step of achieving the control goal, three common nonlinear controllers used in
literature are selected for an experimental evaluation. The implemented controllers are ‘Classical PID
controller’, ‘Fuzzy PID controller’ and ‘Sliding-Mode Controller’ (SMC). The evaluation is performed
using a test rig, which is a 1-D robotic arm orthosis actuated by Festo PAMs operated with fast on/off
valves. According to experimental results, a model-free Sugeno type combined fuzzy PID controller has
yielded most successful performance indicating that it could be a simple and effective solution for PAM
control issue.