A Case Report of the Cascade Filtration System: A Safe and Effective Method for Low-density Lipoprotein Apheresis During Pregnancy

Ertorer M. E. , GÜVENÇ B. , Haydardedeoglu B., Tekinturhan F.

THERAPEUTIC APHERESIS AND DIALYSIS, vol.12, no.5, pp.396-400, 2008 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 12 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2008
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/j.1744-9987.2008.00616.x
  • Page Numbers: pp.396-400


Women with familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) should be treated effectively during pregnancy, as elevated low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels may result in life-threatening consequences. Hydroxymethylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase inhibitors are contraindicated during pregnancy, therefore LDL apheresis should be considered in the management of such pregnant cases. There are five different methods of selective LDL apheresis: heparin-induced extracorporeal LDL precipitation, double filtration plasmapheresis, direct adsorption of lipoproteins, dextrin sulfate adsorption, and LDL immunoadsorption. The cascade filtration system is another modern and effective method for the extracorporeal elimination of LDL-C, although it is not as selective as the methods mentioned above. Herein, we present the case of a pregnant woman with heterozygous FH and extremely elevated LDL-C levels who has been successfully treated with the cascade filtration system until delivery. As far as we can ascertain, LDL apheresis with the cascade filtration system during pregnancy has not yet been reported in the literature.