The main objective of this study was to determine the socioeconomic effects of the law enacted in 2007 until 2011 banning goat grazing in forestland on rural populations in Turkey from 2007 to 2018. In addition, the socioeconomic and environmental sustainability of goat breeding were analysed. This study was based on previous works conducted in 2007 and 2018 in 6 Taurus Mountain villages located in the Eastern Mediterranean Region of Turkey. The data obtained from both studies were compared and analysed. The results of this review showed that the grazing prohibition of 2007 did not affect environmental sustainability but impaired socioeconomic sustainability in the study area. It had a more significant negative effect in 2018 than in 2007 on rural families to give up goat breeding and agriculture in general. However, gender analysis showed no significant difference during the study period.